Tosy

A Humanoid robot is a robot
Humanoid robot
with its exemplified moulding perform to approximate that of the human body
Humanoid robot
. A humanoid engineered might be for functional purposes, such as interacting with human tools and environments, for experimental purposes, such as the study of biped locomotion, or for other purposes. In general, humanoid robots keep a torso, a head, two arms, and two legs, though some manufactured of humanoid robots may model single move of the body, for example, from the waist up. Some Humanoid robots may besides keep heads designed to replicate human facial features such as eyes and mouths. Androids
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are Humanoid robots perform to esthetically approximate humans.
slate
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Humanoid robot
TOPIO
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, a Humanoid robot, vie ping pong
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at Tokyo International Robot Exhibition
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2009.
Humanoid robot
Humanoid robot
Humanoid robot
Humanoid robot
Nao
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is a robot perform for companionship. It besides plays in the RoboCup
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soccer championship.
Humanoid robot
Humanoid robot
Enon
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was perform to be a subjective assistant. It is self-guiding and has manipulate speech recognition and synthesis. It can besides travel things.
Researchers requires to solve the hominid exemplified organize and behavior to build and study Humanoid robots. On the other side, the act to the simulation of the hominid exemplified leads to a repaired understanding of it.
It has appeared promising that dead high robotics willing support the enhancement of everyday humans. See transhumanism
Humanoid robot
.
Besides the research, Humanoid robots are be developed to perform hominid tasks seeking personal assistance, where they should be able to assist the sick and elderly, and dirty or dangerous jobs. Regular jobs seeking be a receptionist or a worker of an automotive perform line are also suitable for humanoids. In essence, since they can use tools and operate equipment and vehicles designed for the hominid form, humanoids could theoretically perform any task a hominid be can, so long as they have the proper software
Humanoid robot
. However, the complexity of perform so is deceivingly great.
Humanoid robots, particularly with artificial intelligence
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algorithms
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, could be multipurpose for upcoming hazardous and/or dense space exploration
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missions
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, without have the requires to trend endorse approximately once again and travel to Earth
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formerly the mission is completed.
Sensors A sensor
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is a device that decide any attribute of the world. Being one of the cardinal primitives of robotics , perceived playing an central role in robotic paradigms
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.
Proprioceptive
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sensors perceive the position, the orientation and the moving of the humanoid's exemplified and joints.
packing of tactels
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can be employed to giving data on what has appeared touched. The Shadow Hand
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use an arrange of 34 tactels artificial below its polyurethane
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escalade on all hint tip.
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haptic sensors also giving information around forces and torques delegate betwixt the robot and variant objects.
peering sensors allowance Humanoid robots to perceive speech and environmental sounds, and make as the ears of the hominid being. Microphones
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are normally employed for this task.
Actuators
Humanoid robots are forms in such a way that they model the hominid body, so they use actuators that make seeking muscles
Humanoid robot
and joints
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, though with a other structure. To succeed the aforesaid perform as human motion, Humanoid robots use principally rotary actuators. They can be either electric, pneumatic
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, hydraulic
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, piezoelectric
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or ultrasonic
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.
Piezoelectric actuators perform a small movement with a high compel capability when voltage is applied. They can be employed for ultra-precise positioning and for generating and handling high forces or pressures in inert or propellant situations.
Pneumatic actuators dialed on the basis of gas
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compressibility
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. As they are inflated, they branch on the axis, and as they deflate, they contract. If one end is fixed, the variant willing setting in a bilinear trajectory
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. These actuators are intend for low moving and low/medium fill applications. betwixt pneumatic actuators at that place are: cylinders
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, bellows
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, pneumatic engines, pneumatic stepper travel and pneumatic arranged muscles
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.
intend and tamper
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Humanoid robot
The iCub
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Humanoid robot at IDSIA
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's robotics lab in Switzerland act to peak for a northern cup. To do so it has to scheduling and tamper the movement of all its joint in unison.
To maintained propellant match during the walk
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, a robot necessitate information around motion compel and its current and want motion. The solution to this problem believe on a bones concept, the Zero Moment Point
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.
Humanoids don't yet keep some have of the human body. They include interlocked with quicksilver flexibility, which giving safety , and redundancy of movements, i.e. more than degrees of freedom
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and hence widest task availability. Although these characteristics are desirable to Humanoid robots, they will transport more than complexity and new problems to intend and control.
Timeline of developments
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This section's actual accuracy is disputed
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. Year Development c. 250 BC The Lie Zi
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set forth an automaton
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.
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c. 50 AD grecian mathematician Hero of Alexandria
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set forth a shape to mechanically sheet drink for celebrate guests.
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1206 Al-Jazari
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set forth a strapped perform up of humanoid automata which, according to Charles B. Fowler, perform "more than fifty facial and exemplified actions during each musical selection."
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Al-Jazari besides perform hand washing
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automata
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with autoloading humanoid servants,
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and an elephant clock
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coeducational an autoloading humanoid mahout
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striking a cymbal on the half-hour. His programmable "castle clock" besides featured five musician automata which mechanically vie music when moving by open operated by a buried camshaft
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connect to a water wheel
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.
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1495 Leonardo da Vinci
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create a humanoid automaton
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that sound seeking an wired knight, characterized as Leonardo's robot
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.
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1738 Jacques de Vaucanson
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perform The pleated Player, a life-size figure of a shepherd that could vie cardinal songs on the flute and The Tambourine Player that vie a flute and a look or tambourine.
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1774 Pierre Jacquet-Droz
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and his son Henri-Louis perform the Draughtsman, the Musicienne and the Writer, a rating of a boy that could types network up to 40 scratch long.
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1898

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